INFANT AND YOUNG CHILD FEEDING PRACTICES IN THE EAST END OF FREETOWN, SIERRA LEONE
Semi-closed ended questionnaire was used to address some of the Infant and Young Child Feeding (IYCF) indicators among the three hundred and forty-seven mothers.
Almost all of the index children in this study were breastfed with a majority within 30 minutes of delivery. Breast milk was the first drink in 79.8% of cases, and Exclusive breastfeeding rate was 26.3%. Breastfeeding for less than six months tends to be more prevalent among the low socioeconomic group and those who had Antenatal Care in the private clinics. Complimentary feeds for the majority of the children consisted mainly of cereal based gruels. There was a positive correlation between the nutritional status and the first drink, educational level of mother and length of breastfeeding.
Poor infant and young child feeding practices impinged negatively on the nutritional status of the children. Improved training of health care workers, female education, and empowerment are recommended.
Bentley A, Das S, Alcock G, et al. (2015). Malnutrition and infant and young child feeding in informal settlements in Mumbai, India: findings from a census. Food Sci. Nutr 3(3): 257-271.
Black RE, Victora CG, Walker SP, et al, and the Maternal and Child Nutrition Study Group. Maternal and child undernutrition and overweight in low-income and middle-income countries. Lancet. 2013. 382(9890):396.
China QW, Robert WS, Michelle HV et al. (2014). Poor infant and young child feeding practices and sources of caregivers’ feeding knowledge in rural Hebei Province, China: findings from a cross-sectional survey. BMJ Open.4(7):e005108
Disha AD, Rawat R, Subandoro A, et al. (2012). Infant and young child feeding (IYCF) practices in Ethiopia and Zambia and their association with child nutrition: Analysis of demographic and health survey data. Journal of Food, Agriculture, Nutrition and Development. 12:2
Doherty T, Chopra M, Nkonki L, et al. (2006). Effect of the HIV epidemic on infant feeding in South Africa: “When they see me coming with the tins they laugh at me.” Bull World Health Organ 84 (2): 90-96.
Fall CH, Borja JB, Osmond C, et al. (2011). COHORTS group. Infant-feeding patterns and cardiovascular risk factors in young adulthood: data from cohorts in low-and middle-income countries. Int J Epidemiology 40 (1): 47-62.
Food and Nutrition Security-International relations. (2012). Available from: URL; https://ec.europa.eu//europeaid/sectors/food-and-agriculture/food-and-nutrition-security/international-relations_en.
Global Nutrition Report-The Global Nutrition Report. (2014) globalnutritionreport.org/2014/11/13/global-nutrition-report-2014/November 13, 2014.
June 6. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(13)60937-X
Kassier SM, Veldman FJ. (2013). Cry, the beloved bottle: infant-feeding knowledge and the practices of mothers and caregivers in an urban township outside Bloemfontein, Free State province. S Afr J Clin Nutr. 26 (1): 17-22.
Katepa Bwalya M, Mukonka V, Kankasa C, et al. (2015). Infants and young children feeding practices and nutritional status in two districts of Zambia. Inter Breastfeed J 18 (10): 5.
Khan AM, Kayina P, Agrawal P, et al. (2012). A study on infant and young child feeding practices among mothers attending an urban health centre in East Delhi. Indian J Public Health. 56;4
Martorell R, Hortal BL, Adair LS, et al. (2010). Weight gain in the first two years of life is an important predictor of schooling outcomes in pooled analyses from five birth cohorts from low-and middle-income countries. J Nutr 140 (2): 348-354.
Njai, M.and Dixey, R. (2013). A study investigating infant and young child feeding practices in Foni Kansala district, western region, Gambia. Journal of Clinical Medicine and Research 5 (6): 71-79.
Oyedeji GA (1985). Socioeconomic and cultural background of hospitalized children in Ilesha. Niger J Paediatr 12:11.
Sellen DW. (1998). Infant and young child feeding practices among African pastoralists: The Datoga of Tanzania J Biosoc Sci 30(4): 481-99.
Senbanjo IO, Oshikoya KA, Ogbera OA, et al. (2014). The Alliance Nutrition Study Group. Breastfeeding policy and practices at the general paediatric outpatient clinic of a teaching hospital in Lagos, Nigeria. Int Breastfeed J. 9:10
Shifraw T., Worku A., Berhane Y. (2015). Factors associated exclusive breastfeeding practices of urban women in Addis Ababa public health centers, Ethiopia: a cross sectional study. Inter Breastfeed J 10:22
Sierra Leone Demographics and Health Survey (SDHS) (2013). Nutrition of children and adults. www.afro.who.int/index.php? Option:13
Tylleskar T, Jackson D, Ingunn NM, et al. (2011). Exclusive breastfeeding promotion by peer counsellors in Sub-Saharan Africa (PROMISE-EBF): a cluster randomized trial. Lancet. 378 (9789): 420-4207.
UNESCO Institute for Statistics. (2014). www.uis.unesco.org/
UNICEF Report: The State of the World’s children (2014). Un.org.au/2014/01/30
Wellcome Trust Working Party. Classification of Infantile Malnutrition. (1970). The Lancet, 1970;2:302-3.
World Health Organization. Global strategy for infant and young child feeding. (2013). World Health Organization [homepage on the internet]. 2003. C2013. Available from: URLhttp://whqlibdoc.who.int/publications/2003/9241562218.pdf
World Health Organization. Scaling up, saving lives. (2013). WHO [homepage on the internet]. 2008. C2013. Available from: URL